We have seen, during the last decade a sea-change has taken place in Indian homes with respect to the use of mobile and other technical devices. The devices became more and more user friendly thus people became increasingly technology-savvy. They used the devices for tasks like online banking, shopping, communicating with friends and relations and conducting work from home. The so called- Digital Divide has evaporated due to ease of applications. Today young and old alike, use their mobile devices for entertainment and work. Therefore mobile learning which is also known as M-learning is a new way to access knowledge using mobile devices.

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Mobile Learning in Education

India is a hub for IT in the world. So, India’s contribution also influenced our country and specially the younger generation. Students as well as the teachers want to incorporate some of the new technologies in their educational environments. They feel this would help them in independent and focused learning. Thus mobile learning offers students and the teachers to work remotely and also at a time convenient to both.


Technology allows students to take control of their education, and provides them access to more effective and relevant solutions to their queries. It is easy to share knowledge using the mobile devices. Even a single email attachment is a great way of sharing knowledge. Therefore the method of mobile-learning is useful for both individual and group participation.

Learn When You Want    

Mobile learning enables learners to carry their learning material with them in small smart devices like smartphones, laptops etc. Their learning content is available with them in their pockets. They can even learn while waiting for a bus, train or having a cup of coffee. According to a recent survey, only half of students from kindergarten to 12th grade have access to a one-to-one device program at school, whereas nearly 60 percent students say that they use more technical devices at home than at school. Students are interested in working with technology to further their learning and experience self-directed opportunities. They want access to courses and content that their schools cannot offer. For example, about 60 percent of students in a survey indicated that they wanted classes dedicated to prepare for colleges and study skills and 50 percent students want to know about career opportunities and vocational education. Here comes the advantage of using technology and mobile devices. These devices would provide them with all the information around the world.

This flexibility allows students to further their education not just at their pace, but when and where they want to improve their understanding.

Limitations of M-learning

Mobile devices can be great distractions to growing children and other users. There is no check available. Therefore it requires a lot of self-discipline and focus. At times, lack of proper internet connection could be an issue for e-learning. Even small screen can be a hindrance for learning complicated mathematical equations or even longer tasks.

Many students have always self-directed some of their learning but it’s the wide use of mobile devices, 24/7 connectivity and digital resources that allows them to explore subjects that interest them in the ways they learn best.

In fact now we cannot summarize the progress in this regard century wise. The progress is so fast that even a decade of such progress will become difficult to summarize henceforth. We are no longer webcam dependent generation.


The potential for learning with mobile technology has been equated with 21st century. Mobile technologies provide the opportunity for students to develop self-regulated learning skills. The students today are equipped with the cognitive skills and tools that allow them to learn. They have the desire to learn – that is they are intrinsically motivated to learn. They can make strategies that allow them to learn effectively and efficiently. It provides them with an opportunity to learn in collaborative contexts.

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